Dry eye is a condition in which there are insufficient tears to lubricate and nourish the eye. Tears are necessary for maintaining the health of the front surface of the eye and for providing clear vision. People with dry eyes either do not produce enough tears or have a poor quality of tears. Dry eye is a common and often chronic problem, particularly in older adults.
Dry eye can be caused by several factors such as contact lenses, environment, inflammation, allergy, insufficient nutrition, improper lid closures, etc. Also, a common cause of dry eye syndrome is systemic disease such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, lupus and rosacea.
Symptoms of eye allergies, or allergic conjunctivitis, include watery, itchy, red, sore, swollen and stinging of the eyes. Itching of the eyes is the most important symptom of allergic conjunctivitis. Without itching, it is much less likely that a person is suffering from allergies of the eyes. Both eyes are usually affected, although one eye may be more symptomatic than the other.
Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC) is the most common form of eye allergy, with grass and ragweed pollens being the most important seasonal triggers. Perennial allergic conjunctivitis (PAC) is also very common, with animal dander, feathers and dust mites being the most important triggers.
There are many excellent treatments for dry eye syndrome and eye allergies today. Our doctors have experience with all of the modern treatments and can give appropriate treatment to alleviate your symptoms and improve not only your quality of vision but your quality of life as well.